Bird Families

Ecuadorian Pygmy Amazon / Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops


If until recently bamboos were considered plants that in regions with harsh winters can only be grown as potting and tubing, and only the most daring gardeners decided to plant them in open soil, today these magnificent crops are much more affordable. Frost-resistant bamboos can be found in the catalogs of almost any garden center. And one of these actively gaining popularity of plants is pleioblastus, a low-growing bamboo, which has already become an integral part of the Caucasian landscapes and southern resorts. For wintering in the middle lane, the best species of pleioblastus need only a simple shelter. And the beauty of dense curtain bushes with unique and easily recognizable leaves is still worth the minimum effort that will be needed to protect them.

Pleioblastus fortunei


Low-growing bamboo with bright foliage

Along with sazas, forgesia and leaf graters, pleioblastus, or whatever they can call them, elliptic suitable for growing not only in the southern regions. Pleioblastus may not have the highest frost resistance, but subject to the correct choice of plants, purchases not in foreign catalogs, but varieties and seedlings already adapted to a specific climate with a declared high frost resistance, they will only present pleasant surprises in the middle lane.

Pleioblastus (Pleioblastus) - low-growing bamboos with a maximum height in regions with severe winters of about 50-60 cm.In nature and in warm regions there are also higher, meter-long and larger multi-flowering plants, but the short stature allows initially not the most winter-hardy plants to cope well with more severe conditions. Shoots of this bamboo forms very dense, turfy, seemingly continuous thickets, constantly expanding in breadth. Internodes up to 45 cm long emphasize protruding, embossed nodes.

The length of typical "bamboo" lanceolate leaves is from 8 to 30 cm. They are densely located on the shoots, often under the foliage the branches are not visible at all. Depending on the species, the color of this bamboo ranges from the classic bright green to golden, bluish, grayish, variegated with various cream or yellow stripes.

Multinetics represent Japanese and Chinese endemics of the family Zlakovykh (Poaceae), subfamilies Bamboo (Bambusoideae). The Pleioblastus genus includes about 20 species of bamboos, and almost all natural species are considered as ornamental plants, all of them have been introduced into culture. True, only 4 species can boast of winter hardiness, sufficient for growing not only in zones 8-12, but also in the middle lane.

Pleioblastus green-striped (Pleioblastus viridistriatus). © Andrea Moro

Types of pleioblastus for cultivation in the middle lane

Suitable for growing in soil in regions with harsh winters, species of a multi-plant plant that can hibernate without shelter in zone 5, and with shelter endure temperatures even below -28 degrees, include:

  1. Playoblastus Simone (Pleioblastus simonii) Is the most popular type of multi-vein plants, which in regions with severe winters is limited to half a meter in height, and at home it can grow to more than 6 m. , with long leaves - from 8 cm to more than 20 cm. This pleioblastus forms very dense sods, its densely leafy stems are incomparably elegant. The basic plant is rare, but one of the forms of the plant has already become legendary in our country. The inimitable shape of variegatum is a bright green bamboo with longitudinal creamy stripes on its leaves.
  2. Playoblastus green-striped (Pleioblastus viridistriatus), we like to call it playoblastus golden-striped (Pleioblastus auricomus) Is a compact and sprawling bamboo about 70 cm high, famous for its narrow tubes of stems with a purple color and a basic yellow color of leaves, on which longitudinal dark green stripes stand out brightly.
  3. Playoblastus Fortune (Pleioblastus fortunei) Is a small-leaved low bamboo, which rarely rises even to a height of 50 cm and seems almost a ground cover. The brightly saturated color of the base plant is not as popular as the variegata form, decorated with thin longitudinal stripes of almost white color.
  4. Pleioblastus silvery (Pleioblastus argenteostriatusformerly known as pleioblastus shinoPleioblastus chino) - a seemingly gray-silver appearance with a muted shade of green and longitudinal whitish stripes, looking like metal curtains from a distance. Very graceful, dense, openwork bamboo that highlights the compositions. A fairly low appearance, as a rule, less than Simon's pleioblastus. The shoots are narrow, with a purple bloom, changing to a white waxy tint under the nodes.

For growing in tubs with shelter for the winter, experiments with more original species, or for the southern regions, you should pay attention to another type of elliptic plants - pleioblastus cereal (Pleioblastus gramineus), with the declared 7th zone of frost resistance. This is a thin-stemmed bamboo, in which even very old shoots will not exceed 1 cm in diameter, and the leaves are especially thin and graceful. From a distance it seems almost weightless despite the dense turf.

Simon's Pleioblastus (Pleioblastus simonii). © dobbies

Strategies for growing pleioblastus in the middle lane

  • shelter for the winter with dry hilling,
  • growing in tubs with cool wintering and placing in the composition as a permutation plant,
  • growing as a potted plant to decorate grounds, terraces, balconies.

Use of pleioblastus in ornamental gardening

Like all bamboos, the pleioblastus constantly makes sounds, rustling, tapping, which in the garden seem to be a full-fledged wind chime. This plant literally revives any garden, transforms it. But noise is not the only benefit of this gorgeous low bamboo.

Pleioblastus in composition

In the design of the garden, multi-flowering plants are used as:

  • oriental accent,
  • excellent textured grain,
  • one of the most variegated decorative leafy accents,
  • in landscape style, natural plantings and massifs,
  • for a spectacular design of recreation areas and in flower beds by the terrace,
  • in the rock garden and meditation corners,
  • in rockeries and rock gardens,
  • as a major solo tub and pot soloist,
  • as a style-forming accent,
  • against the background of a lawn or a clearing of ground cover,
  • for decorating ponds and dry streams,
  • as a texture background,
  • for lush, textured curbs and lawn framing.

Conditions necessary for pleioblastus and their landing

It is an amazingly textural plant that works best with plants with no less expressive shapes and texture - ferns, decorative grasses with thin leaves, large-leaved and colorful badans, blooming astilbe like a floating cloud, cuffs, contrasting large-leaved hosts and other expressive perennials.

Pleioblastus silvery (Pleioblastus argenteostriatus). © davisla

Gorgeous bamboos are always in motion. And in order to emphasize their musical character, it is worth planting them in open areas (with the exception of cold winds and drafts), so that at least from one side the plant is open to a gentle breeze.

Pleioblastus is completely unpretentious to lighting and looks great both in sunny places and in diffused lighting or in partial shade. Most often, pleioblastus are planted in shading - there are not so many plants with such a bright play of colors, light and texture effects. And in the company of other favorites of semi-shady, secluded areas, the pleioblastus literally shines.

But the choice of soil should be taken into account more carefully. Like almost all bamboos, Pleioblastus is able to grow in lean, dry, depleted soil. But in regions with harsh winters, the plant for good development and rooting needs to be provided with more fertile and high-quality soil types - worked out, with organic and mineral fertilizers applied. It is best to choose abundantly moist soils, places near water bodies. When choosing dry soil, keep in mind that you will need to water the plant more often.

Planting pleioblastus is not that easy. But the point is not in the technique itself, but in the fact that, as for all bamboos, measures will have to be taken to limit the area of ​​growth. Of course, there is no such problem in containers, but a possible growth zone in open soil should be immediately separated by a screen - shields, borders, dug to a depth of about 20 cm.After planting, pleioblastus for a very long time - until active growth resumes - should be watered regularly, maintaining high humidity soil.


Pleioblastus care

Pleioblastus are unpretentious plants in everything except humidity. This type of low-growing bamboo loves watering, which must be done during a drought. All species, except for Simon's pleioblastus, are best watered regularly (except when the plant is located near water bodies). Simon's multi-vellum is less demanding, but he will not refuse watering, otherwise all care is reduced to preparing for wintering.

Top dressing for this bamboo can be omitted in the first years of cultivation. But early spring top dressing with full mineral fertilizer in liquid form has a positive effect on growth rates. Container bamboos are fed once every 3-4 weeks.

Pleioblastus do not suffer from pests and diseases; insects typical for our climate rarely appear on them. If there are other bamboos on the site, then a bamboo mite can settle on the pleioblastus. This bamboo is adored by snails and slugs, which are best dealt with as early as possible by mulching the soil with straw. Setting traps is quite effective.


Wintering and reproduction of pleioblastus

A low-growing multi-flowering plant is capable of wintering well under a snow cover in the middle lane. But since winters are often unstable, relying on natural insulation would be a big mistake: growing these, and any other winter-hardy bamboos, can thus turn into a lottery.

It is better to additionally create a dry shelter above the pleioblastus, which, even in snowless periods, will protect the bamboo from any frost. Natural frost resistance down to -28 ° C allows you to be content with a simple shelter. After the first frost, the plant is spud with dry foliage, and protected from above with spruce branches - that's all the measures that need to be taken. And during the winter, you can always add snow to the bushes, which you will distribute on the site.

When grown in a container culture, pleioblastus are harvested for the winter in frost-free rooms with good lighting. It winters well in warm and semi-warm greenhouses, greenhouses, cool rooms. With the onset of the first cold snap, the containers can be insulated in order to leave a beautiful plant in the garden for a longer time and remove it only after stable night frosts.

Cultivation of Pleioblastus in containers. © Loree Bohl

This type of low-growing bamboos is propagated exclusively by one vegetative method - by dividing the clumps. It is necessary to carry out the separation in the spring, when the soil is already well warmed up, and the plant shows signs of growth. It is better to separate large divisions in pleioblastus, leaving a sufficient number of shoots and powerful roots to accelerate adaptation. Small plots will require increased watering for a very long time.

See also other dictionaries:

Hapalopsittaca - Hapalopsittaca ... Wikipédia en Français

Hapalopsittaca - Hapalopsittaca ... Wikipédia en Français

Hapalopsittaca - Hapalopsittaca Clasificación científica Reino… Wikipedia Español

Hapalopsittaca - Taxobox name = Hapalopsittaca regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Psittaciformes familia = Psittacidae subfamilia = Psittacinae tribus = Arini genus = Hapalopsittaca genus authority = Ridgway, 1912 subdivision ranks = ...

Hapalopsittaca - elfinės amazonės statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Hapalopsittaca vok. Braunohrpapagei, m rus. dwarf Amazon, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas - aros siauresnis terminas - kolumbinė amazonė siauresnis terminas - raudonveidė… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

Hapalopsittaca fuertesi - Caïque de Fuertes Hapalopsittaca fuertesi ... Wikipédia en Français

Hapalopsittaca amazonina - Caïque à face rouge Caïque à face rouge ... Wikipedia en Français

Hapalopsittaca melanotis - Caïque à ailes noires Hapalopsittaca melanotis ... Wikipédia en Français

Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops - Caïque de Salvin Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops ... Wikipédia en Français

Hapalopsittaca fuertesi - Loro coroniazul Estado de conservación… Wikipedia Español

Hapalopsittaca amazonina - Cotorra montañera Estado de conservación… Wikipedia Español

Species Profile

Genus:Hapalopsittaca | Species:pyrrhops

Probably as in Rusty-faced Parrot: 97-115g (3.4-4 oz).

Races including nominate:

Both adults: dark red forehead and lores to area in front of cheeks and chin, crown and nape green with tint of blue, area behind cheeks and ear-coverts green, with green / yellow shafts, various feathers of abdomen tipped red. Bend of wing and carpal edge to lesser, outer middle and lesser underwing coverts deep red, tail green tipped purple. Bill horn-colored with blue / gray base of upper mandible. Eye green / yellow.

As in adults but duller, duller red on face and bend of wing to lesser wing coverts.

Described as generally harsh and screechy. Two syllable calls. First part is rasping, second part higher-pitched. Will give calls while perched or feeding. Young sound different-chattering and laugh-like.

BirdLife International
A Guide to Parrots of the World, Juniper and Parr, 1998
ML Media Collection Catalog 65992, Red-faced Parrot Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops, Krabbe, Niels, Loja, Ecuador, Nov. 11 1992, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Site
Parrots: Status Survey and Conservation Plan 2000-2004, Snyder, McGowan, Gilardi and Grajal, 2000.
Parrots of the World, Forshaw, 2006.2010 edition

Red-faced Parrots foraging
© Nick Athanas