Bird Families

Cinnyris habessinicus

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Palestinian Sunbird

The Palestinian sunbird is a bird from the order Passeriformes, the family of sunbirds, the genus olive-bellied or goose-bellied sunbirds, inhabiting the Middle East and Central Africa. Adults feed mainly on nectar, while chicks are fed mainly on insects, mainly caterpillars. Body length 10 - 11 cm, weight about 8 g. Strong sexual dimorphism. Nesting in February-March, in clutch from two to four eggs, rarely one, high survival rate of offspring. It is notable for the unusual shape of the nest, which resembles a bottle with a height of approx. 10 cm, with a tap hole in a vertical plane in the "neck" area two to three centimeters from the top. Natural enemies are few; in urban areas, these are only domestic cats. Sunbirds have not evolved an innate fear of small felines that are absent in the wild, and they easily recognize juveniles from a distance and immediately destroy them - even those that are not eaten.

Its Hebrew name, Tsufit, is sometimes used in literature.

The Palestinian Sunbird was nominated in 2008 for the title of National Bird.

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