Bulbul barnacle(Pycnonotus leucotis)
Rod - real bulbul
Body length - 17.5-19 cm. Above, a barnacle bulbul is grayish-brown in color, wings of the same shade, tail feathers are resin-brown with white tips, there are white spots on the cheeks. Females and males are colored the same.
The barnacle bulbul is common in the Himalayas, from northwestern India to southern Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
It is a lively and energetic bird. Barnacle bulbul can be most often seen among thickets of wild cherries, currants and rose hips. Small flocks of these birds constantly keep on hedges in settlements. In their habitats, noisy barnacle bulbuls constantly catch the eye due to their habit of perching on the tops of bushes. A seated bird usually bows continuously and lifts its wings and tail.
The barnacle bulbul feeds on berries, seeds and insects.
Birds build a nest in the form of a bowl, placing it in the branches of trees or bushes, not high above the ground. The female lays 3-4 eggs. The incubation period lasts approximately 11-14 days, only the female incubates the clutch.
Keeping in captivity
With good care, birds can live up to 10 years or more.
Bulbul is fed in captivity with soft food, fruits and vegetables, as well as mealworms and other insects. These birds will gladly devour kiwi, bananas, dried dates, and apples.
The bird cage should be spacious and comfortable enough. Perches, a feeder and a drinker are placed inside it. Disinfection is carried out in the pet's dwelling once a month. In this case, do not use substances containing chemicals or alkalis.
Description of the plant
The abelia shrub belongs to the Honeysuckle family, subfamily Linnaeus. The homeland of the shrub is East Asia and Mexico.
The plant, depending on the variety, is both deciduous and evergreen. The average height of the shrub ranges from 1.5 to 2.5 meters, subject to ideal keeping conditions, it can reach 6 meters.
The leaves are oval in shape with a sharp point at the ends, are located on the shoot in pairs. Crown color - dark green, shiny. The shape of the flowers is different for each variety. They can be tubular, bell-shaped or funnel-shaped, always consisting of five petals. Size - from small to extra large. The color scheme is all shades of pink, red and purple, but there are also absolutely white flowers. Peduncles are always located at the tips of the shoots.
All inflorescences, regardless of the variety, have a pronounced pleasant smell.
After the end of flowering, the leaves fall off the tips of the branches (along with the peduncles). In their place, bright red sepals appear, which remain on the bush until the first frost.
When abelia blooms
The flowering period of the shrub, depending on the conditions of detention:
- on the street - from late May to mid-September,
- indoors (as a houseplant) - from October to May.
Types and varieties
The genus Abelia has about 30 varieties and species, most of which grow in natural conditions.
1 species is used as a houseplant - Abelia Large-flowered.
Another name is Grandiflora. A hybrid form that includes several varieties that differ in the shade of inflorescences. The leaves are dark green with a glossy sheen. During the winter months, their hue changes to a bronze-red. The flowers are very large - up to 6 cm in diameter.
The species is distinguished by an abundance of flowers in the inflorescences. Their shade can be any: from pale pink to deep red. The leaves are medium-sized, dark green in color with a slight burgundy tint.
A species that is suitable for growing not only outdoors, but also in a greenhouse. Blooms profusely from early May to late September. Peduncles are large (up to 4 cm), deep pink in color. Broad, glossy leaves are located on the downward shoots.
Another name is Abelia Himalayan. A graceful and delicate shrub. The leaves are small, leathery, rich green. Peduncles - white, or all shades of pink.
Deciduous species. The bush is small and looks graceful. Leaves are oval, matte, dark green. Flowers are pink, lilac or white.
The plant is not demanding for care and does not need special conditions of keeping. The only requirement is a gradual change in the usual growing conditions.
The soil for abelia
The optimum soil is slightly acidic and breathable with good drainage. A mixture of equal parts of sod and leafy soil with an admixture of peat, sand and humus is suitable.
The required acidity level can be maintained by adding chopped pine needles.
Abelia is a light-loving plant. It is allowed to find the bush in partial shade on the south side. But it is important to protect it from direct sunlight.
When kept indoors, the abelia must be protected from drafts and located away from batteries. The best place is a window facing south.
Temperature and humidity
Abelia prefers warmth, the temperature range of its content:
- in summer - 20-25 o C,
- in winter - 15-17 o.
Sudden changes in temperature should not be allowed, because of this, the bush begins to lose leaves.
Protect the pot from air currents when ventilating. Varieties intended for open ground do not need to be covered for the winter.
The plant does not have any special requirements for air humidity. A weekly shower is enough for him. No additional humidification devices are required.
Watering and feeding
Increased watering is carried out in the spring and summer. In autumn and winter, soil moistening should not be so abundant; it is enough to add water after the top layer of the earth has completely dried out. Drought for Abelia is less detrimental than excessive watering.
It is necessary to apply fertilizers from the end of spring and throughout the summer. It is worth using ready-made mineral or organic complexes intended for flowering plants. The frequency of top dressing is twice a month.
The procedure is required only on the driest summer days. The rest of the time, Abelia does not need additional moisture. This applies to both indoor and outdoor plants.
Abelia does not tolerate pruning: shortened shoots begin to shed their foliage. For this reason, only dried and diseased branches are subject to removal.
You can cut off young shoots just above the awakened bud. In this case, the shoot will bloom for the next season.
Pruning time for indoor plants is March-April. Street ones do not need to be formed, it is enough to remove only dried shoots. The rejuvenation of the bush is practiced by pruning. To do this, you need to cut off all the branches, leaving 25-30 cm from ground level.
Plants in pots, up to 2-3 years old, are transplanted twice during the summer. Mature bushes - once every 2 years. The optimal transplant time is spring.
The transfer is carried out by the transshipment method. The new pot should be 3-4 cm larger than the old one, and have large drainage holes. When transplanting, all damaged parts of the root system should be cut off with a sharp instrument.
The least effective method, as seed germination is very low. Planting is done in the spring in loose and moist soil. After germination, seedlings develop extremely quickly and after 2 weeks (when a pair of true leaves appear) they can be dived. The flowering of young plants will take place in the same season.
Semi-lignified or apical shoots are suitable for this method. You need to cut them off in July-August. The length of the cuttings is 10-12 cm, the cut is below the level of the leaf node.
Immediately after cutting, the cuttings must be refrigerated for 24 hours. Then treat with a root former and plant in a container with moist soil prepared from equal parts of sand, peat and perlite. It is better to cover the container with polyethylene to create a thermal effect. Rooting time is about 1.5 months. After this period, the cuttings should be planted in separate pots or planted in open ground.
All Abelia bushes have a large amount of root growth. It must be dug up along with a part of the root and planted in a new place. The optimal time for this breeding method is the end of May.
Pests and diseases
When growing abelia, you can face the following problems:
- Lack of flowering and pale foliage signal a lack of lighting. The houseplant needs to be rearranged to a new location.
- Leaves turn yellow and dry from the tip - the soil is too dry. It is necessary to increase watering and spray the bush on hot summer days.
- Brown fuzzy spots on the leaves - sunburn. The plant needs to be rearranged in a shaded area.
Pests that can attack Abelia:
- Spider mites, scale insects and aphids... You can cope with these insects with a solution of laundry soap (20 g per 1 liter of water), in addition, synthetic pyrethroids - "Karat", "Decid" are effective.
- Black... From it it is easy with the help of a decoction of cyclamen tubers.
- Powdery mildew... To overcome this pest is possible only with industrial insecticides - "Topaz" and "Bayleton".
Abelia is a beautifully flowering shrub that is suitable for both indoor floriculture and outdoor cultivation. To achieve maximum decorativeness, it is important to follow all the rules of care.
Bulbul, or short-toed thrushes (Pycnonotidae) - small birds living in trees and bushes. In the family, there are 15-21 genera of small birds the size of a sparrow and a thrush, depending on the species. Most of the species are found in Africa, many of them in tropical forests, and some in the more open areas of Asia. The name Bulbul comes from the Arabic languages. The word bulbul can come from Persian (بلبل) or from Turkish (bülbül), which means a nightingale.
Description and reproduction
Bulbul - short-necked and long-tailed birds. In almost all species, the beak is slightly elongated and slightly hooked at the end. In clutch they have up to 5 eggs, and the incubation period usually lasts 11-14 days, and only the female incubates eggs. Bulbul are omnivores, they feed on berries, seeds, nectar, insects and other arthropods, sometimes they even catch small vertebrates. These birds are quite resistant to environmental pollution and easily survive changes in habitat.