Nature knows how to surprise, she sometimes creates such masterpieces that can compete with the creations of great artists and sculptors. An incredible wonder of nature is the Narilatha plant. However, it is still not exactly clear whether this plant actually exists, or is it just someone's hoax.
What it is
If the Narilat plant exists, then it can be safely called the most amazing representative of the plant world on the planet. The fact is that the flowers of this tree have an unusual shape. They look like statues of naked women.
Flowers grow on long stems. Sepals form a graceful "cap" covering the head of the "statuette". The flowers have a beautiful light green color and very clear outlines.
One can easily see an attractive face, more Asian than European. And a clearly outlined figure with gracefully lowered hands, the hands of which are crossed in the lower abdomen.
The precision of the details is amazing. The flower-woman has long "hair", fingers and toes are clearly visible on the arms and legs.
About where the plant grows, information is contradictory. Some sources indicate that the Himalayas are homeland, others advise looking for an amazing tree in Sri Lanka or Thailand. It is believed that the plant blooms very rarely, once every 20 years.
Legends about the amazing tree on which the figures of women grow exist in different countries of Southeast Asia.
According to Buddhist mythology, the tree was created by a deity named Indra. God loved his wife very much and was terribly jealous when a woman went to the forest to gather food. The fact is that hermits lived in the same forest, for whom the appearance of a young charming woman was a real holiday.
To protect his spouse from immodest looks, the god Indra created a tree that bore fruit in the form of female figures.
These fruits are so adorable and seductive that they were used to test the spiritual fortitude of the monks. If a monk could distract himself from the delights of beautiful flowers and begin to meditate next to the Narilat tree, then it was believed that he had reached the highest level of spirituality.
True or myth?
The debate about whether the Narilat tree really exists or is it just someone's hoax still continues. The theory of the existence of an amazing plant has its ardent admirers and opponents.
I must say that the arguments of the skeptics are very convincing and reasonable. They think:
- There are very few photographs of a blossoming tree. And in all existing photographs, the plant is represented only in fragments. That is, the whole image does not exist. Of course, one could argue that the tree blooms very rarely. But, firstly, photography has existed for almost 200 years, and very few photographs have been taken. Secondly, no one bothers to photograph the whole tree outside the flowering period.
- It is still not clear in which countries Narilata grows. Different sources name different countries. If we assume that the tree is found in all of the listed countries, then it can hardly be called rare.
- If Narilata really existed, it is unlikely that the authorities of the countries where such a miracle grows would not want to profit from this. Surely, tourist routes to the amazing plant would be organized. And postcards and other souvenir products with the image of Narilat would certainly appear on sale.
So to believe or not in the existence of Narilat, everyone will decide for himself. But, of course, it would be great if the photos on the Internet were authentic, and not someone's joke.
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Description of the plant
Gravilat forms a neat dense bush, consisting of a short, straight stem and odd-pinnate lyre-shaped leaves collected in a basal rosette. They do not lose their attractiveness all season, bright green, pubescent above and below, with a wrinkled surface, pronounced veins and a jagged edge.
The height of the bush reaches 20-30 cm, with peduncles - up to 60 cm. Rhizomes are developed, grow rapidly, easily tolerate division and transplantation.
The flowers of the gravilata are baskets that form at the ends of pubescent grayish stems rising above the rosette of leaves, collected in loose panicles of several pieces. In a species plant, they have a diameter of about 3 cm, red, consist of inner tubular flowers, collected in a small disk, and large outer, reed (petals).
Flowering begins at the end of June and lasts 50-60 days. At the end of the season, the seeds ripen, collected in multi-roots. At the end, they are equipped with a kind of hook, cling to clothing or animals, and spread by self-seeding.
Chilean gravilat has beneficial properties - it can be used as a medicinal, fodder or food plant. Its use for these purposes on the territory of Russia is limited, since, first of all, the culture is decorative and does not occur in the wild.
When growing Chilean gravilata in flower beds, varieties can be found more often than a species plant. They come in different colors, terry, with large corollas, differ in the time and duration of flowering. Some, with good care, can push new buds at the end of the season.
The most popular varieties were:
- Gravilat Chilean Fireball - grows up to 60 cm, blooms in May-June, differs in scarlet double flowers, is used for making bouquets.
- Mrs Bradshaw is a novelty with red petals arranged in 2 rows, up to 5 cm in diameter, forms a large bush, in the Middle Lane it requires light shelter.
- Lunnaya Dolina is a spectacular variety with semi-double golden corollas, winter-hardy, blooms in May.
- Gravilat Aurelia Chilean is a spectacular perennial with yellow double flowers up to 5 cm in diameter, opening from May to June.
- Alabama Slammer is an original variety with semi-double golden petals, decorated with a wide orange border, undersized, up to 35 cm.
- Limonello grows up to 30-35 cm, flowers are small, simple, lemon-colored, located on rigid straight stems, the variety is resistant to adverse factors.
- Gravilat Chilean Lady Strataden is a bush 50 cm high, blooms in the middle of summer, corollas are yellow, double, petals with a wavy edge, requires shelter for the winter.
Chilean gravilat: planting and care
The plant is not capricious and easy to care for. It is undemanding to soils, but prefers light loams with a slightly acidic or neutral reaction. Flowers can be planted in partial shade and in the sun, it blooms better in an open place. Does not tolerate sticky areas and too acidic soil.
Chilean gravilat is planted in spring, late summer or autumn. Bushes are placed no closer than 20 cm from each other.
Add to the wells and mix with the top layer of soil:
- sand or peat if the ground is too dense,
- humus, compost in mined-out areas,
- high-moor peat with an alkaline soil reaction.
It is impossible to deoxidize the area immediately before planting the gravilat. This is done a few months earlier or in the previous season.
After planting, the bush must be watered to ensure better adhesion of the root system to the soil. The surface is mulched with dry peat or decorative dumping - this will save moisture, prevent weeds from germinating.
Fundamentals of agricultural technology
The plant requires regular watering, but does not tolerate stagnant water in the root area. It tolerates short-term drought well, but without irrigation in hot summer, the flowers wither quickly, and the leaves dry out, decorativeness decreases. Even if the gravilat is left unattended for a long time, and the aboveground part disappears, the rhizomes can survive. When watering is resumed, the leaves will grow back, and flower stalks will appear next season.
Fertilizers for the culture are suitable for conventional fertilizers containing a full mineral complex, for example, nitroammofosk.
In intensive care gardens, gravilat is fed three times per season:
- in early spring with nitrogen to build up green mass,
- at the beginning of the extension of peduncles - with an NPK complex,
- at the end of summer or in autumn, they give phosphorus and potassium (without nitrogen) - this will increase winter hardiness and have a positive effect on flowering in the next season.
The specific plant and varieties of Chilean gravilata with simple flowers do not need a winter shelter in most of Russia. Terry varieties at the end of the season are mulched with dry peat, covered with litter of healthy fruit trees or spruce branches.
Regular pruning of wilted flower stalks stimulates the formation of new buds.
Reproduction of Chilean gravilat
The culture is easily propagated vegetatively and by seeds. When choosing a method, one must take into account the origin of the variety.
If it is a hybrid, plants from self-collected seeds do not inherit the characteristics of the mother bush.
By dividing the bush
In one place the gravilat lives up to 5 years, during which time it grows strongly and turns into a dense curtain. Bald spots appear in the center of the bush, flowers become smaller, decorativeness decreases.
Division at the same time allows you to rejuvenate the plant and get planting material:
- Dig up a bush. Shake off the ground.
- Gently divide the rhizome into fragments with your hands. You probably won't even need a knife to get some young bushes. If you need a lot of planting material, you can cut the rhizome into pieces, each of which contains at least one growth point.
- Examine the underground part. Throw away any pieces with dried, rotten or pest-infested pieces.
- If there are signs of disease on the roots, clean up to healthy tissue and soak for 2 hours in a solution of a fungicide, such as Fundazole.
- Plant in prepared loonie and water abundantly.
Suitable time for surgery:
- spring - any region,
- early autumn - areas with a mild climate,
- late summer, after flowering - Middle lane and cooler regions.
For Chilean gravilata parcels, planting and care should be the same as for an adult plant.
Chilean gravilat: growing from seeds
Sowing directly into the soil can be done at the beginning or end of the season. The soil should be loose, nutritious, well-drained. The embedment depth is about 2 cm.
Gravilat will bloom:
- next summer when planting in spring,
- in the current season with podzimnuyu sowing.
Gravilat is planted on seedlings in March-April. This is usually done in a common container with light fertile soil, without a pick. Seeds are laid out 2 cm apart, rows - every 5 cm, covered with a layer of substrate 2 cm, easily compacted, watered, covered with foil or glass. They are kept at a temperature close to 25 ° C, ventilated daily.
When shoots appear, the shelter is removed. When the soil warms up to 15 ° C, they are planted directly from the seedling boxes on a flower bed, a rabatka, in a solid mass when grown as a ground cover.
The Chilean gravilata planting and leaving is simple, and the decorativeness is high, there are many interesting varieties. The culture is easily propagated by dividing the bush, the seeds germinate well, but in order to breed a hybrid, you need to buy them, and not collect them in your own flower bed.