Bird Families

Red-sided (variegated) hornbeak / Smithornis rufolateralis

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Horn-billed (lat. Eurylaimidae ) or wide-billed - a family of birds from the order Passeriformes, separated into a separate suborder. It is divided into eight genera and fourteen species. Hornbills live in tropical forests and forest regions of Africa, South and Southeast Asia. Their size ranges from 14 to 28 cm. They are small birds with a strong, thick beak, short legs and tail. Most species have a rounded tail. The only exception is the long-tailed broad-beak (Psarisomus dalhousiae). They tend to have variegated plumage, and there are differences in appearance between the sexes. The food mainly consists of fruits, seeds, insects and other invertebrates. Horn-billed nests are shaped like a pear and hang above the water, attached to tree branches. Unlike other passerines, which have 14 cervical vertebrae, the hornbills have 15 of them. In addition, they have unique tendons on their legs.

Genera and species

  • Green Hornbeaks ( Calyptomena )
    • Blue-bellied green hornbeak ( Calyptomena hosei )
    • Large Green Hornbeak ( Calyptomena whiteheadi )
    • Lesser Green Buckbeak ( Calyptomena viridis )
  • Corydon
    • Brown broad-beak ( Corydon sumatranus )
  • Cymbirhynchus
    • Red-bellied hornbeak ( Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos )
  • Eurylaimus
    • Philippine golden-bellied hornbeak ( Eurylaimus steerii )
    • Black and yellow robebeak ( Eurylaimus ochromalus )
    • Javan Rollbeak ( Eurylaimus javanicus )
  • Psarisomus
    • Long-tailed hornbeak ( Psarisomus dalhousiae ) - long-tailed broad-beak
  • Pseudocalyptomena
    • Grauer's Broadbeak ( Pseudocalyptomena graueri ) - green broadbeak
  • Serilophus
    • Gray-breasted Buckbeak ( Seriolophus lunatus )
  • Pied-bellied hornbills ( Smithorni )
    • Red-breasted speckled hornbeak ( Smithornis sharpei )
    • Black-headed Pied-breasted Buckbeak ( Smithornis capensis )
    • Red-sided Buckbeak ( Smithornis rufolateralis )
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This abstract is based on an article from the Russian Wikipedia. Synchronization completed 07/17/11 01:11:57 AM
Similar abstracts: Broad-billed tanagers.

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