Bird Families

True petrels are a genus of seabirds of the petrel family


The taxonomy of this group is the cause of much debate, and the number of recognized species depends on the source.

The species in this group are long-winged birds, dark brown or black above and white to dark brown below. They are marine outside the breeding season. They are most common in temperate to cold waters.

These tubenose birds fly with stiff wings and use the shearing flight method to overcome wave fronts with a minimum of active flight. Some small species, such as the Manx shearwater, are cruciform in flight with their long wings drawn directly from their bodies.

Many are long-distance migrants, perhaps most spectacularly sooty and short-tailed shearwaters that perform migrations of 14,000 km or more each year.

Puffinus shearwaters come to islands and coastal cliffs only to breed. They are nocturnal in colonial nesting sites, preferring moonless nights to minimize predation. They nest in burrows and often make eerie contact, refers to their nocturnal visits. They lay a single white egg.

They feed on fish, squid and similar ocean food. Some will follow fishing boats to take scraps, especially the sooty shearwater, these species also usually follow whales to feed on fish agitated by them.


Traditionally, Puffinus was grouped with Procellaria and Calonectris shearwaters. However, more recent results have concluded that the genus is clearly paraphyletic and while in part very close to Calonectris, forms clade with childbirth Pseudobulweria and Lugensa, which were previously thought to be gadfly petrels and can be divided into what was called "Puffinus" and the group "Neonectris" after the known species, the latter would, if separated as a distinct genus, be called Ardenna... Former taxonomically confusing, with species separated and re-merged in past years.

Genus Puffinus

  • (Sub) Genus Puffinus (group "Puffinus & # 187) - smaller species closely related to Calonectris
  • Christmas shearwater, Puffinus nativitatis
  • Mainx shearwater, Puffinus puffinus
  • Yelkouan shearwater, Puffinus yelkouan
  • Balearic shearwater, Puffinus mauretanicus
  • Brian's shearwater, Puffinus bryani
  • Black pronounced shearwater, Puffinus opisthomelas
  • shearwater Townsend, Puffinus auricularis
  • shearwater newell, Puffinus newelli
  • Rapa shearwater, Puffinus newelli myrtae
  • Trembling shearwater, Puffinus gavia
  • shearwater Hatton, Puffinus huttoni
  • shearwater Audubon, Puffinus lherminieri
  • Persian shearwater, Puffinus persicus
  • Tropical shearwater or Baillon shearwater, Puffinus bailloni
  • Galápagos shearwater, Puffinus subalaris
  • shearwater the standard bearer, Puffinus bannermani
  • Heinroth's shearwater, Puffinus heinrothi
  • Little shearwater, Puffinus assimilis
  • Barolo shearwater, Puffinus baroli
  • Boyd's shearwater, Puffinus boydi
  • (Sub) Rod Ardenna (group "Neonectris & # 187) - large varieties, excellent origin
  • wedge-tailed shearwater or muttonbird (Northern and Western Australia), Puffinus pacificus
  • Baller's shearwater, Puffinus bulleri
  • Smoked shearwater or muttonbird (New Zealand) Puffinus griseus
  • short-tailed shearwater or muttonbird (southern Australia), Puffinus tenuirostris
  • shearwater with pink feet, Puffinus creatopus
  • shearwater with feet of flesh, Puffinus carneipes
  • Big shearwater, Puffinus gravis

Fossil report

Several fossil species that have become extinct long ago are also known. The proportion of the larger species ("Neonectris & # 187) was apparently greater before the Pliocene, i.e. before marine mammals diversified:

  • Group "Puffinus"
  • Menorcan shearwater, (prehistoric) SP Puffinus - possibly eradicated the population of existing species, experimentally placed in this group
  • Dune shearwater or shearwater holes, Puffinus holeae(prehistoric)
  • Lava shearwater or Olson's shearwater, (prehistoric)Puffinus olsoni - experimentally placed in this group
  • Bermuda shearwater, (extinct) Puffinus parvus - experimentally placed in this group
  • shearwater scarlett, Puffinus spelaeus(prehistoric)
  • Puffinus tedfordi (Pleistocene of western North America)
  • Puffinus nestori (Late Pliocene / Early Pleistocene Ibiza)
  • Group "Neonectris"
  • Puffinus conradi (Early Miocene of Calvert County, USA)
  • Puffinus cf.tenuirostris (Late Miocene / Early Pliocene of Lee Creek Mine, USA)
  • Puffinus sp 1 (Late Miocene / Early Pliocene of Lee Creek Mine, USA)
  • Puffinus sp 2 (Late Miocene / Early Pliocene of Lee Creek Mine, USA)
  • Puffinus pacificoides (Pleistocene of Saint Helena, Atlantic)
  • Unassigned
  • ? Puffinus raemdonckii (Early Oligocene of Belgium) - earlier in Larus
  • Puffinus micraulax (Early Miocene Florida C, USA) - probably group "Puffinus"
  • SP Puffinus (Early Miocene of Calvert County, USA)
  • SP Puffinus (Early Pliocene South Africa)
  • Puffinus felthami (Pleistocene North America W)
  • Puffinus kanakoffi (Pleistocene North America W)

"Puffinus" arvernensis (Early Miocene of France) is now considered a primitive albatross of the genus fossils Plotornis.

True petrels

True petrels are a genus of seabirds in the petrel family.

Representatives of this genus have long wings and a dark upper body that is brown, gray or black. The lower part of the body is often lighter up to white.

In flight, they make few flaps of their wings, preferring to soar over long distances.

Nesting sites are exclusively islands and rocky coastal areas. Representatives of the genus nest in colonies, arriving only at night to minimize the risk of meeting with daytime birds of prey and large seagulls. They lay a single white egg in a hole on the ground. Many species are migratory birds that migrate long distances. The gray petrel Puffinus griseus travels up to 65,000 km per season. The common petrel is a long-liver; in the wild, its age can reach 55 years.

Fish, octopuses and other marine animals serve as food. Some species accompany fishing vessels and pick up fishing waste.

1. Classification

The taxonomy of this genus is disputed and various biologists have a different number of species up to 25.

  • Persian petrel Puffinus persicus
  • Brown-backed petrel Puffinus opisthomelas
  • Hutton's Petrel Puffinus huttoni
  • Brown-backed petrel Puffinus gavia
  • Lesser Petrel Puffinus assimilis
  • Puffinus carneipes
  • Levantine petrel Puffinus yelkouan
  • Townsend's petrel Puffinus auricularis
  • Pink-footed petrel Puffinus creatopus
  • True Puffinus Petrels
  • Balearic petrel Puffinus mauretanicus
  • Galapagos petrel Puffinus subalaris
  • North Atlantic petrel Puffinus baroli
  • Newell's Petrel Puffinus newelli
  • Slender-billed petrel Puffinus tenuirostris
  • Gray petrel Puffinus griseus
  • Boyd's Typhoon Puffinus boydi
  • Heinroth's petrel Puffinus heinrothi
  • Black-backed petrel Puffinus atrodorsalis
  • Christmas Petrel Puffinus nativitatis
  • Great spotted petrel Puffinus gravis
  • Bannerman's Petrel Puffinus bannermani
  • Wedge-tailed petrel Puffinus pacificus
  • Audubon's Petrel Puffinus lherminieri
  • Bullerov's petrel Puffinus bulleri
  • Puffinus bailloni
  • Lesser petrel or common petrel puffinus

There are 7 species of true petrels in Russia: Levant, Lesser, Pale-footed, Gray, Slender-billed Petrels, Bullers, and Great Pied-bellied Petrels.

  • Thick-billed petrels Procellaria Westland petrel Procellaria westlandica Spotted petrels Calonectris True petrels Puffinus
  • Small petrel or common petrel lat. Puffinus puffinus is a seabird of the petrel family. Body length of adult birds from 31
  • giant petrel Southern giant petrel Macronectes halli - Petrel de Hall Southern Giant - petrel Macronectes giganteus Brandt E.K.
  • The number of gray petrels is currently estimated at 20 million, but is declining significantly. Gray petrel - migratory bird
  • common and later Mediterranean petrels Sibley Monroe 1990 The last of the true petrels to be recognized as a separate species. Length
  • Thin-billed petrel lat. Puffinus tenuirostris is a bird of the petrel family. The wingspan is about a meter. The color is dark - brown in flight it seems
  • Levantine petrel lat. Puffinus yelkouan is a bird of the petrel family Procellariidae Small petrel distinguished by its small and slender
  • Petrel is a voluntary sports society that united students and faculty of most of the USSR universities. Created
  • version 2009.1 - Thalassoica antarctica Antarctic Petrel Brandt E.K. Petrel Encyclopedic Dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron: in 86 volumes, 82 volumes and 4
  • sea ​​islands, digging holes in the forest hills. In clutch there is 1 egg. Many petrels become entangled and killed in anchovy nets and typhoons.
  • Petrel English. Thunderbird real name - John Proudstar - fictional character from comics published by Marvel Comics, X-Men member, Sr.
  • Large speckled petrel Puffinus gravis is a bird of the petrel family Procellariidae Large speckled petrel 43 to 51 length
  • Snow petrel lat. Pagodroma nivea is a seabird belonging to the monotypic genus Pagodroma snow petrels of the petrel family
  • Blue petrel lat. Halobaena caerulea is a seabird belonging to the monotypic genus of blue petrels Halobaena of the petrel family
  • birds. Petrel is a Russian cartoon of 2004. Petrel is a character from the comics published by Marvel Comics and a member of the X-Men. Petrel - winged
  • Southern giant petrel lat. Macronectes giganteus is a very large, predatory, pelagic seabird of the petrel family Procellariidae
  • Burevestnik is the name of stadiums in Russia: Burevestnik is a stadium in Ivanovo. Petrel is a stadium in Samara. Petrel is a stadium in Izhevsk. Petrel
  • Petrel ukr. Burevisnik - a former football club of the Melitopol Institute of Agricultural Mechanization from the city of Melitopol Zaporozhye
  • Burevestnik - stadiums in Moscow: Burevestnik - stadium in Moscow on Plyushchikha. Burevestnik - a former stadium in Moscow in Samarsky lane, in its place
  • Common diving petrel lat. Pelecanoides urinatrix is ​​a tube-nosed bird, see the tube-nosed bird inhabiting southern Australia, New Zealand and
  • Northern giant petrel lat. Macronectes halli - very large, predatory, pelagic seabird of the petrel family Procellariidae
  • Mediterranean petrel lat. Calonectris diomedea is a bird species of the petrel family Mediterranean petrel up to 50 cm long, wingspan
  • well-known representatives of petrels are albatrosses and petrels. The tube-nosed animals feed on fish, cephalopods, zooplankton, carrion, and
  • Pale-footed petrel lat. Ardenna carneipes, formerly lat. Puffinus carneipes is a medium sized petrel. The plumage is black, the legs are pale pink.
  • incredible adventures. They spend most of their time in the Burevestnik harbor, which is a place of residence for them and others, including quite
  • islands and islands of Peterman. Kryvyi Rih: Mineral. 264 p. Brandt E.K.Burevestniki Encyclopedic Dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron: in 86 volumes, 82 volumes and 4
  • pelagic species 93 species Albatrosses Diomedeidae Petrels Procellariidae Diving petrels Pelecanoididae Storm petrels Hydrobatidae Pelicans
  • films. Little penguins, fine-billed petrels and other petrels are found on the island snow whale birds, Australian gulls, Australian
  • Peruvian diving petrel lat. Pelecanoides garnotii - species of birds of the diving petrel family Species Latin name given in honor of the French
  • Westland petrel lat. Procellaria westlandica is a rare petrel seabird endemic to New Zealand. Body length is

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