Universal Russian-German dictionary. Academic.ru. 2011.
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What is the salvia flower
alvia is a perennial thermophilic shrub. However, in our conditions, it can be planted as an annual or biennial plant. A photo of flowers reflects all its beauty: growing a little over a meter, the salvia has a white, pink, lilac or purple color. The leaves of the plant are located on the stem opposite each other. The fruit appears in the form of several nuts. One month after the beginning of flowering, the seeds are ripe and can be used for five years. The plant can bloom once or twice a summer.
Interestingly, sage also belongs to this genus. All species that are medicinal or spicy are classified as sage. And the decorative species are called salvia.
When to plant a flower
When is the best time to land? For planting seeds, you should prepare boxes with soil. Towards the end of February, they sink into the ground.
It is not worth watering them, as they do not like stagnant water. It is necessary to carry out water procedures using a pallet or spray the ground with a spray bottle. To preserve moisture, the box is covered with paper. Planting depth of seeds is 1-2 mm. Salvia is thermophilic, therefore, when growing seeds, it is necessary to maintain a temperature of about +25 C °. After 2 - 4 weeks, the first sprouts will appear.
An important point is a flower transplant
To increase the viability of the plant, the seedlings are transplanted two times. When 2 - 3 leaves appear on the shoots, they are seated at a distance of about five centimeters. Planting depth - on the first sheet. During the first transplant, it is advisable to apply mineral fertilizers to the ground.
After another three weeks, the plants are transplanted into separate pots. In April, it is worth starting hardening of seedlings. To do this, the temperature can be lowered to 10 degrees at night.
Planting salvia in open ground and further care
In June, the temperature begins to stabilize, you can start planting salvia on the site. It is better to choose a place with a lot of light. For plant comfort, the soil should contain sand and lime. You need to plant flowers at a distance of 30 cm from each other, while adding fertilizer to each seedling.
Due to the fact that the seedlings are hardened and hardened, the initial stage of growth will not be a hassle. As already mentioned, salvia is unpretentious. Watering should be done in the evening if the ground is dry. It is necessary to periodically loosen the top layers of the soil and remove weeds. During the period when the plant is gaining buds, it is necessary to apply mineral fertilizers. Salvia will be grateful to you.
Salvia is not susceptible to any disease. The only thing that can darken her existence is insects. If any have appeared, you will have to process the shoots with means for destruction.
Annual salvias are propagated by seeds, which must be sown for seedlings from late February to early March, since they bloom no earlier than 3 months after sowing.
Seeds are hardly embedded in the substrate and germinated in the light at a temperature of + 22 ... + 25 ° C, after the emergence of shoots, the temperature is reduced by a couple of degrees. Salvia sparkling and bright red sprout 7-12 days, salvia rejected - 4-7 days.
The humidity is kept moderate so that the seedlings do not rot. They feed little by little, as small plants are sensitive to excess salts. Night temperatures in the process of growing seedlings should not fall below + 13 ... + 16 o C. Before planting in the ground, the plants are hardened. They are planted when the danger of late spring frosts has completely passed - the plants absolutely do not tolerate sub-zero temperatures. When planting, maintain a distance of 20 cm.
Since many annual salvias are semi-shrubs by nature, their flowering can be extended by transplanting them into pots in the fall. They will decorate with themselves, for example, a glazed loggia. The temperature of the content should be within + 15 + 22 o C. However, in order not to introduce pests on indoor plants, the leaves and stems of salvia should first be washed with water and treated with an insecticide.