Bird Families

Yellow-winged Parrot / Brotogeris chiriri


Belongs to the genus of fine-billed parrots, a subfamily of true parrots. It has been considered an independent species only since 1997. Prior to that, ornithologists combined it into one species with the canary small-billed parrot. Representatives of this species have a body length of 20-25 cm. The dominant color of the plumage is light green. The fold of the wing is colored yellow.

Its habitat is Central and southern Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and northern Argentina. It settles mainly on the outskirts and edges of forests. Often colonies of these birds are found in forest clearings and areas cleared for arable land, sometimes near settlements. In the depths of the rainforest, they were seen extremely rarely. Its diet consists of seeds, fruits and flowers of both wild and cultivated plants, as well as nectar.

Nests are arranged in hollows and hollows of tree trunks. Lives in flocks. Couples are formed only during the mating season. The number of eggs in a clutch is 4-5. It is quite difficult to observe these birds. They are clearly visible only during the flight. Sitting on a tree, thanks to the color, they immediately merge with the foliage. They are very fussy and noisy, often start fights and quarrels among themselves. Popular in South and North America for home content.

The species includes 2 subspecies:
Brotogeris chiriri behni (1931, Neumann).
Brotogeris chiriri chiriri (1818, Vieillot).


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Nutrition of parrots in nature # 1 (khura, vegetable siargus, mango).

Macaw parrots, like any other South American parrots, in nature consume a huge amount of plants containing alkaloids, tannins, phytohormones and other active substances that affect the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, and the central nervous system.

For example, Hura (lat.Hura) is a genus of woody plants of the Euphorbiaceae family.

in the photo, the blue-yellow macaw feeds on the fruits of the hura (Hura crepitans) the photo was found on the network, the author could not be found.

Khura fruits contain: alkaloids (5.0 +/- 0.2 mg / 100 g), tannins (5.0 +/- 0.3 mg / 100 g), phytin (53.0 +/- 6.0 mg / 100 g), cardiac glycosides (1890.0 +/- 1.5 mg / 100 g) and saponin (2.2 +/- 0.1 mg / 100 g), the same saponin found in green potatoes, toxic to mammals.

What does the wiki say about fitin? : “It is now well known that phytic acid reduces the bioavailability of total phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, zinc and many other minerals. Their release can occur as a result of hydrolytic cleavage of the ester bonds of phytic acid by phytases of animal, plant or microbial origin, as well as using various technological methods during the production of feed. "

That is, in order to extract minerals from such feed, you need to additionally break down phytates. And we give them porridge .. yeah ..

And here's what the wiki says about the toxicity of hura to humans:

"The juice of the khura cracking causes severe irritation of the skin, on contact with the eyes, a strong burning sensation is felt, temporary blindness is possible. Sawdust and smoke from the khura cause irritation of the eyes and respiratory organs. If half of the khura seed gets into the gastrointestinal tract, it will cause colic (sometimes the next day) , vomiting and diarrhea, followed by heart palpitations and blurred vision Eating more than two seeds of the plant can lead to hallucinations, convulsions and death. Hurai jewelry causes skin irritation. Hura seeds appear to be non-toxic to birds. Juice used by Indian hunters to lubricate arrowheads. The juice contains the toxic proteins hurin and crepitin. Huratoxin, a tricyclic diterpene daphnan, is ten times more toxic to fish than rotenone. "

Clear? Yes? A person cannot even take this fruit into his hands without harm to himself, and if he eats it, then there will be a skiff. And the parrots eat it !!

Continuing on huras: it contains trypsin inhibitors in the amount of 30.27 +/- 1.86 TIU / mg. The fruits are very rich in crude protein (25.16 +/- 0.22%), fat (51.43 +/- 0.22%) and very high in calories (2,621.891 +/- 6.357 kJ / 100 g). Also, there is a large amount of sodium 1.85 ppm, potassium 3.4 ppm, calcium 0.088 ppm. Not much magnesium, iron and zinc.

Chura oil consists of a mixture of oleic acid 20.12%, stearic acid 3.0%, and very little linolenic acid - 0.03%.

Vitamin A - 328.1 IU / 100 g, vitamin E - 0.398 mg / 100 g, vitamin K - 0.26 mg / 100 g. There is a lot of glutamate (14.41 g / 100 g protein). Low in cysteine ​​(0.78 g / 100 g protein). A lot of agrinin (5.97 g / 100 g protein), leucine (4.16 g / 100 g protein). A source

But another plant common in the diet of ap is the vegetable Ciargus (Syagrus oleracea). This South American palm is widespread in South America.

In the video, a hybrid of green-winged macaw (ara chloropterus) and blue-yellow macaw (ara ararauna) in nature - it feeds on the fruits of vegetable ciargus (Syagrus oleracea)

The fruits of this palm tree contain a large number of different active substances. They are used to produce drugs, including: diuretics, carminative, stimulating the stomach, tonic, and antiiteric, i.e. helping to relieve the syndromes of hysteria. A source.

siargus vegetable (Syagrus oleracea) photo from here

Here is the hyacinth macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus). They also feed on the fruits of this palm tree, and unripe. Unripe fruits, as you know, contain a lot of bitterness and other compounds that are not tasty for humans. However, parrots eat such fruits, and eat - with pleasure.

This is further evidence / example that the diets of macaws and other South American parrots at home are far from their needs. And this is another reason why macaws are often hysterical at home. If in nature these parrots eat a huge number of plants that simulate the work of the central nervous system, then at home they are deprived of this.

A healthy macaw is cocky, edgy, independent, and loud. In general, keeping such a bird at home is not at all comfortable.

And here is another common component of the diets of all parrots without exception - unripe mango. In this video, yellow-winged fine-billed parrots (Brotogeris chiriri) feed on unripe mango fruits.

Have you tried eating unripe mangoes? And how does it taste?

This article serves as another reminder and proof that traditional ideas about feeding parrots are often based on information that has nothing to do with parrots.

You can read more about feeding parrots here and here