Bird Families

Locust (Quail) Astrild / Paludipasser locustella

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The orange-cheeked astrilda (Estrilda melpoda) is common in West Africa, from Senegal and Gambia to Congo and northern Angola. In 1874 he was brought to the island of Puerto Rico (Antilles), where he acclimatized well. It is one of the smallest weavers, its length only slightly exceeds the length of the golden-bellied astrild. The male is painted in grayish tones. Vertex gray, upper tail red, upper body light brown. The underside of the body is light gray, the sides are somewhat darker, the middle of the abdomen is orange. The sides of the head are also painted in the same color. The wings are brown, the tail is dark gray, the beak is red, the legs are brown. The female is colored like the male, but all colors are paler. In young birds, the crown and lower part of the body are brownish, the beak is black.

The bird lives in places covered with tall grass, in savannas, along river banks, in swamps and forest edges. It feeds on seeds. During nesting period it keeps in pairs, the rest of the time it gathers in large flocks. It arranges nests on the ground or not high above it - in the grass and dense bushes. The nest is made by the female from the material brought by the male. It is spherical, with a narrow tap hole. When leaking, the male, holding a blade of grass in its beak and jumping up, in a peculiar dance approaches the female. Often the birds sit side by side and touch each other's head and neck plumage. However, many representatives of the subfamily of wax-billed weavers do this.

In the second half of the 18th century. orange-cheeked astrilds in large quantities began to be imported to European countries. At the beginning of the XIX century. the first offspring were obtained from birds of this species. It should be noted, however, that this is not an easy task.

Astrilda tolerate transportation well, better than many small Astrilda. They also quickly adapt to artificial conditions. They can be kept in cages of all sizes, in cages and aviaries. When choosing a cage, it is necessary to take into account the distance between the rods. It must be at least 1 cm in order to avoid birds flying out. Our observations at the Moscow Zoo, in contrast to the data of E. Vukina (198b), show that these astrilds are undemanding to temperature conditions and can tolerate temperature drops down to 0'C. They get along well with other birds in any premises. In the outer enclosures of the Moscow Zoo, they peacefully coexisted with other species of astrilds and finches.

Breeding of orange-cheeked astrilds is more often possible in enclosures decorated with a large number of branches, sheaves of reeds or tall grass, which serve as shelter and the basis for their nests. Nests are usually made on bushes low above the ground or directly on the ground. The building material is soft grass or hay. In clutch there are 3 - 7 white eggs, incubation period 10 - 12 days. After 22 days, young birds leave the nest, and for another two weeks they are supplemented by their parents. The chicks that have become independent are planted in spacious cages. At the age of one and a half months, birds begin to molt, which lasts about six weeks.

The main food is white millet, chumiza, mogar, grass seeds, canary seeds, as well as a small amount of poppy and burdock seeds. During the nesting period, a variety of live food is especially needed, without which breeding is impossible. These are primarily small mealworms, ant eggs, fruit flies, housefly larvae and other insects. In addition, birds should be accustomed to soft food containing a full set of essential components of the diet. Hybrids of orange-cheeked astrilda with gray, wavy and golden-breasted astrilds, as well as with gray-headed finch were obtained.

Published with the permission of the author, Dr. V. Ostapenko

General impression

Celadon quails are distinguished by a variety of colors: light, light brown, dark brown, tuxedo, silver. The head is small, with a small beak pointed at the end. They have long, thin legs of light brown or beige color. The wide back ends with a small tail. The rib cage is convex. Males and females do not differ in plumage - only in size and weight: the female is slightly larger and heavier. Chicks, like adult birds, are mismatched in color: brown, brown with white, white with brown. They begin to change plumage from the 10th day.

There are several ways to determine the sex of a chick.... In the first two weeks, Celadon females can be identified by crying - they are very noisy, later this property wears off. At the age of 20-21 days, females can already be identified visually - they are noticeably larger than males. To determine the sex of the chick, you can also examine its cloaca: in males, a tubercle is probed under the tail.

Caring for Celadon quails is practically no different from the conditions of keeping other breeds, but there are a number of features. Birds are afraid of drafts, especially at an early age, and need additional heating and lighting in winter... Conditions should be created under which the room will not be blown out, but will be additionally heated if necessary.

The maternal instinct of this breed of quail is not developed, therefore, an incubator is used to breed offspring. The survival rate of chicks is high - about 90-95%.

Dignity:

  • high egg production,
  • dietary eggs, high in nutrients, can be eaten raw,
  • unpretentious content,
  • beautiful varied color.

disadvantages:

  • additional lighting and heating is required in winter,
  • short life expectancy (no more than 3 years),
  • short duration of egg production.

Celadons are bred for the purpose of obtaining eggs. Eggs of this breed are low in calories, rich in protein and contain many nutrients. They have excellent taste and can be eaten raw.

Early onset of oviposition is characteristic of celadons. Females begin to rush when they reach a body weight of 100 g.... From the beginning of the productive period, the bird lays about 8-12 eggs per month. She acquires the best qualities of egg production from 4 months of age and retains them until reaching 8 months. During this period, the female is capable of laying 25 eggs per month. After the bird reaches 8 months, productivity decreases, and by 10 it is 8-15 eggs, the content becomes unprofitable.

Content

You can keep Celadon quails both in cages and in a free room.

The temperature for the content should be maintained in the range from +20 to +25 ° C, and the air humidity should be about 70%. Mandatory conditions are the absence of drafts and the supply of additional lighting.

Day-old chicks are placed in a heated brooder, where the temperature is maintained at an average of 35-38 degrees for 3 days.

See what "quail astrild" is in other dictionaries:

quail astrild - putpelinės astrildos statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ortygospiza angl. quail finch vok. Wachtelastrild, m rus. quail astrild, m pranc. astrild caille, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas - astrildiniai siauresnis terminas… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

red-billed quail astrild - raudonsnapė putpelinė astrilda statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ortygospiza gabonensis angl. red billed quailfinch vok. Schwarzkinn Wachtelastrild, m rus. red-billed quail astrild, m, black-throated quail ... ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

black-throated quail astrild - raudonsnapė putpelinė astrilda statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ortygospiza gabonensis angl. red billed quailfinch vok. Schwarzkinn Wachtelastrild, m rus. red-billed quail astrild, m, black-throated quail ... ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

common quail astrild - paprastoji putpelinė astrilda statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ortygospiza atricollis angl. African quailfinch vok. Rebhuhnastrild, m, Wachtelastrild, m rus. common quail astrild, m pranc. astrild caille à…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

locust quail astrild - skėrinė putpelinė astrilda statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ortygospiza locustella angl. locustfinch vok. Heuschreckenastrild, m, Rotflügel Wachtelastrild, m rus. locust quail astrild, m pranc. astrild caille à…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

Ortygospiza gabonensis - raudonsnapė putpelinė astrilda statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ortygospiza gabonensis angl. red billed quailfinch vok. Schwarzkinn Wachtelastrild, m rus. red-billed quail astrild, m, black-throated quail ... ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

Schwarzkinn-Wachtelastrild - raudonsnapė putpelinė astrilda statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ortygospiza gabonensis angl. red billed quailfinch vok. Schwarzkinn Wachtelastrild, m rus. red-billed quail astrild, m, black-throated quail ... ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

astrild-caille a gorge noire - raudonsnapė putpelinė astrilda statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ortygospiza gabonensis angl. red billed quailfinch vok. Schwarzkinn Wachtelastrild, m rus. red-billed quail astrild, m, black-throated quail ... ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

raudonsnapė putpelinė astrilda - statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ortygospiza gabonensis angl. red billed quailfinch vok. Schwarzkinn Wachtelastrild, m rus. red-billed quail astrild, m, black-throated quail astrild, m pranc. astrild caille à…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

red-billed quailfinch - raudonsnapė putpelinė astrilda statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ortygospiza gabonensis angl. red billed quailfinch vok. Schwarzkinn Wachtelastrild, m rus. red-billed quail astrild, m, black-throated quail ... ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

African quailfinch - paprastoji putpelinė astrilda statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ortygospiza atricollis angl. African quailfinch vok. Rebhuhnastrild, m, Wachtelastrild, m rus. common quail astrild, m pranc. astrild caille à…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

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