Bird Families

Eastern scoop or Ussuri scoop, or East Asian scoop - a species of birds of prey from the genus scoop of the owl family

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Features: Upland owl differs from scoops by the absence of "ears" and feathered toes, from the house owl - by rounded (not elongated) specks on the head, brown back and round facial disc, from the passerine owl - by its large size.

Habits: It keeps secret and rarely comes into sight. It incubates, like other owls, so tightly that it allows itself to be grabbed by hands. The flight is fast, slightly wavy, catching prey from an ambush or looking out for it in flight.
Nature of stay: A resident or nomadic bird.

Food: It feeds on mouse-like rodents, shrews and small birds, in winter it arranges reserves in hollows.
Breeding area: Coniferous and mixed forests, both in remote areas and near forest clearings and clearings.
Location of the socket and its description: In the hollows.
Egg laying time: April
Eggs color and size: White.

Collar scoop (Otus bakkamoena)

Appearance: The dorsal side is yellowish-brown with small dark cruciform specks, the ventral side is buffy with a thin transverse pattern and longitudinal streaks. On the neck there is a semilunar light spot ("collar"). The toes are feathered 1/3 of their length from the base.
The size: Larger than a starling.

Features: The scoop differs from other scoops by 1/3 of its toes and a lunar "collar" at the neck.

Habits: Night and twilight bird.
Nature of stay: A resident bird.

6. Classification

As of March 2018, 9 subspecies are distinguished in the form, differing, inter alia, by the area:

  • Otus sunia nicobaricus Hume, 1876 - Nicobar Islands
  • Otus sunia Hodgson, 1836 - northern Pakistan, northern India, Nepal and Bangladesh
  • Otus sunia japonicus Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 - Japan
  • Otus sunia rufipennis Sharpe, 1875 - northern India
  • Otus sunia stictonotus Sharpe, 1875 - southeast Siberia, northeast China and the Korean Peninsula
  • Otus sunia modestus Walden, 1874 - Andaman Islands
  • Otus sunia distans Friedmann & Deignan, 1939 - Myanmar, north and east Thailand, rest of Indochina
  • Otus sunia leggei Ticehurst, 1923 - Sri Lanka
  • Otus sunia malayanus Hay, 1845 - north of China

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