Black browed albatross is a species of medium-sized albatross having over 70 years of average life span and a 200 to 240 cm (79-94 in) wide wingspan as well as an average weight of 2.9 to 4.7 kg (6.4-10.4 lb).
Previously, two subspecies were included in the same name, designated TM Melanophrys, and other races T.M. impavid. From recent genetic studies of DNA, they are now considered as separate species, namely, black browed albatross and Campbell albatross. However, some disagreements persist, suggesting that genetic differences between the two subspecies are not sufficient to separate them.
Campbell albatross is mentioned here in subspecies, but it will be studied later as a complete species.
Black browed albatross Profile
Length: 83-93 cm
Wingspan: 240 cm
Weight: 3000-5000 g. The “Impavida” race is a bit short.
The adult black-brown albatross has a black, brown back, upper body, and tail, where the head, neck, mantel, rump, upper tail-coverts and under parts are white. However, the interwoven also shows a wide black leading edge and narrow black trailing edge and black wings tip.
The face on the white head is white except for the black eyebrows above the brown eyes. The bill is a pinkish-orange hollow tip with a pinkish-yellow hue. The legs and webbed legs are pale gray-blue.
Both sexes are equal. These are long-lived birds (50 and over).
Teenage dark underwing, gray collar, a dark bill with a black tip and pal's eyebrows have
The rash is covered with gray and white. It has white faces and black colored bills.
Juvenile / Immature
Subsecs and ranges:
Two subspecies were previously recognized:
Tm Melanophrys (described and displayed here) are found in Antipodes islands from Cape Horn, E, in the Southern Ocean.
Tm Hostilities take place on S. Campbell Island, New Zealand. Amber is one of the pale yellow-white colors in the flecks.
Blackbird albatross is marine and somewhat taller. It is usually seen near the shore but it is also about 1000 km from the shore to the sea. However, this species flows more frequently in coastal waters than other albatrosses, and in bad weather, it enters the estuary, fjord, and shelter.
Some observations point to the feeding of birds in the freshwater lake at Tierra del Fuego, about 35 km away.
It breeds on inaccessible islands, nesting in steep grasses or on a cliff ledge in the tusk grass.
Calls and Songs: Geno-Cantor Sounds
Black broad albatross offers guitars grunting, crocs, wells, and raucous cackles, but some other sounds such as voices and cries are heard during the display. They also produce the sound of sticks with bills.
Some differences have been reported in vocalization between the two subspecies.
Black browed albatross Behavior
Black-brewed albatross feeds on fish and crustaceans (mainly Euphausia species krill), squid and floating carrion. Prey is caught by surface-grabbing, although follow-plunging or surface-immersion and surface-diving can also be performed.
It can use submerged wings to propel itself when the victim is behind. It can sink to a depth of 4-5 meters and within seconds.
It boils down to night and day, depending on the type of press. It is often eaten in large swarms, mainly krill, and fishing boats and cetaceans follow for relics and fish remains.
Black-brown albatross boils on the shelves of continental and islands and on the shores of the foothills. But it also condenses sea water. They are often found on livestock and with other marine birds.
They returned to the breeding colony in September. This species usually breeds every year and mates for both of their mates' lives. They are monotheistic and colonial centers.
The two birds face each other, and a number of common displays are made by actively rubbing their bills, mainly on the head and also performing mutual billing.
Fans look fan-legged when posing on some displays. They are involved in dance and call.
Black-bred albatrosses spend most of their time in the ocean except during the breeding season. They rest in the water when the weather is calm and are often seen in groups.
Both adults and young people leave the colonies after breeding. Despite the elaborate ring, the motions of this species are not well understood.
There are different zones of black-bred albatrosses from different breeding areas and even from different colonies of the same region, during the incubation period in which different areas have male and female pastures. However, while feeding the chickens, they graze around the colonies.
The South Atlantic populations migrate north to post-breeding. South Georgian birds move to the waters of S. Africa. The movements are varied and hard to follow.
The “Impavida” race is likely concentrated in the S Australian waters, the Tasman Sea and the SW Pacific.
Black-brown albatross flies in the strong air with stiff wings. Take-off and landing are always difficult for black browed albatross and they have to run over water or land. However, the colonies were established on steep ops, allowing the birds to propel themselves into the air. When landing, the bottom of the webbed legs to slow the flight before touching the ground or water.
The breeding season is annual and begins in September / October.
Black-bred albatross creates a large nest with roots, grass, and mud, a cut cone in a depression at the top. In a colony, nests are about one meter away.
They breed in the grassy grass on the remote islands, on the steep or cliff ledges.
They are regional during the nest and lean towards other birds that are very close to the nest.
The female lays a single creamy-white egg with solid spots. Both parents burn within 65-71 days.
The thinner rash burns in the first weeks, and it spreads about 120 days after it is released. Both adults feed and protect it until it changes and becomes independent.
Security / Threats / Situation
Black beetles are threatened by long-line fishing vessels such as albatross, numerous marine birds. The introduced species, such as cats and rats, disrupt the colonies and kill the rats.
Oil and chemical contamination, the addition of plastic wounds also threatens these birds in the ocean and land. Competition for food with fisheries can also be potentially significant.
With a population of approximately 594000 breeding pairs, black-bred albatrosses are classified as endangered, while “Emavida” Red is evaluated by BirdLife International as risky.